Breastfeeding is the right of every newborn child. It has many benefits for the newborn, the infant, as well as the mother. The results of breastfeeding can affect a society and its economy. Understanding the reflexes behind breastfeeding and the skills required by the mother is essential for every physician that looks after a child. Breastmilk has many stages which are responsive to the physiology and stage of the neonate. Breastfeeding is also beneficial to the mother which a physician can help explain. If the physician can encourage and stress to the mother how vital it is to breastfeed, then it can be followed by the mother in a proper manner.
In day to day practice, general physicians frequently come upon the very common complaint “My baby is not feeding well, what should I do now?” This is very distressing to mothers, especially the first-time mothers. It is a very common complaint but needs understanding.
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is the most efficient intervention to help in breastfeeding, provides warmth, sensory stimulation, safety, protection from infection and it also helps in bonding between the infant and mother. KMC is a cost effective easily available modality to address these issues and it can easily be continued at home. The present review intends to provide an insight into the benefits, the key components, the requirements, the initiation criteria, the procedure and the follow-up requirements of infants receiving KMC to help general practitioners understand, guide, and provide KMC to mothers and infants.